Three Essential Considerations for Plant Machinery Installation
Good practices are essential for plant machinery installation in the industrial environment. Proper set-up of the pertinent equipment will promote productivity of the operation and ensure long-term reliability. In addition, this will minimise the costs associated with repairs and replacement during the life cycle of the plant. On the other hand, if the machinery is poorly installed, you are likely to experience frequent unscheduled downtime, lowering your business productivity. Moreover, the product quality will be low and your operational expenses will be higher. Therefore, when installing your new plant machinery, consider these crucial elements for ideal performance and longevity.
The base or foundation on which the machinery will be erected is an essential factor to consider during the planning stage for plant construction. This supporting structure should be strong enough to bear the weight of the equipment without cracking or distortion. Moreover, it should have sufficient mass or stiffness to make certain that the machinery will remain in equilibrium. If these conditions are not met, the foundation will start flexing and settling beneath the applied weight. Also, a base with poor mass will amplify the vibrations from the machine, and this will cause damage to the equipment. Consequently, frequent maintenance and repairs will be required for optimal operation. An ideal foundation for your plant should be constructed from high density concrete or strong steel.
The plant machinery should be securely anchored to the foundation for ideal long-term functionality and performance. If the foundation is resilient but the equipment is not firmly planted on it, the machine will become vulnerable to damage because eventual movement and destabilisation will occur. If the machinery will be placed on concrete, the bolts should be placed when the concrete is poured for maximum support. Choose bolts made from strong materials like steel and in adequate sizes for prolonged service. You should also consider the mounting pattern to ensure that it is suited for your needs. For example, straight mounting bolts do not work well with hydraulic cement because these bolts loosen over time due to vibrations.
Almost all types of plant machinery produce vibrations during operations. These vibrations are not harmful as long as the energy is absorbed by the foundation or the vibrations remain within the equipment. Unfortunately, crosstalk can occur if you have multiple machines in the same space. Basically, this means that the vibration energy from one machine will be transmitted to another, causing reliability problems. For optimal performance, ensure that the foundation of each machine is structurally isolated.